Cardinal numbers in Ukrainian

Ukrainian cardinal numbers also known as “counting numbers,” tell the quantity of something. They are easy to learn and tend to follow a simple structure. 

Numbers 1 – 10

1один
2два
3три
4чотири
5п’ять
6шість
7сім
8вісім
9де́в’ять
10де́сять

Numbers 11-19: To form these numbers, you will need add “надцять” to one of the numbers from 1 to 9. (“надцять” means “on ten”)

Один + надцять = одинадцять – 11 (! Note: here is only one ‘н’)

Два + надцать = дванадцать – 12

П’ять + надцять = п’ятнадцять – 15 (! Note: you will need to “throw away” soft sign on the end of numbers 5, 6, 9)

11одина́дцять
12двана́дцять
13трина́дцять
14чотирнадцять
15п’ятна́дцять
16шістна́дцять
17сімна́дцять
18вісімна́дцять
19дев’ятна́дцять

Numbers 20 and 30 is formed by adding “дцять” (old name of “ten”) to два and три:

два + дцять = двадцять – 20

три + дцять = тридцять – 30

20два́дцять
30три́дцять

The number 40 is quite different from the other numbers and has a name that does not follow the same rules as the other numbers.

40со́рок

Numbers 50, 60, 70, and 80 created by adding 5, 6, 7, or 8, and the particle “десят” (“ten”).

П’ять + десят = п’ятдесят – 50 (! Note: you will need to “throw away” soft sign on the end of numbers 5, 6, 9)

Вісім + десят = вісімдесят – 80

50п’ятдеся́т
60шістдеся́т
70сімдеся́т
80вісімдеся́т

Number 90 has unique way it is formed: “дев’яносто” has part “сто” – 100

90дев’яно́сто
100сто

Hundreds are built by setting the multiplier digit before the word for hundred which takes different forms:

200двісті
300три́ста
400чотириста
500п’ятсо́т
600шістсо́т
700сімсо́т
800вісімсо́т
900дев’ятсо́т
1000ти́сяча

To form any number from 20 – 90 onwards, add a number between 1 and 9 to 20 – 90

21 = 20_1 = двадцять один

34 = 30_4 = тридцять чотири

46 = 4_6 = сорок шість

The same we do with hundreds:

179 = 100_70_9 = сто сімдесят дев’ять

312 = 300_12 = триста дванадцять

Subscribe to our newsletter!