Gender of Nouns in Ukrainian

The nouns in Ukrainian language are divided into three genders: masculine, feminine and neuter. But how to understand what gender each noun has? The answer is: look at the word’s ending.

The vast majority of nouns in Ukrainian  have gender according to the ending of their Nominative case form (you will find it in the dictionary)

Here are some basic rules, although exceptions exist:

Masculine gender:

(Чоловічий рід)

EndingExample
consonantдімhouse
телефо́нtelephone
стілtable
чайtea
музе́йmuseum
деньday
хло́пецьboy
Exceptions:
Male peopleба́тько – father
дя́дько – uncle
Мико́ла – man’s name
etc.

Feminine gender:

(Жіночий рід)

EndingExample
-aмаши́наcar
кни́гаbook
ка́ваcoffee
-я    Земля́Earth
істо́рія histiry, story
Exceptions:
 любо́в – love
кров – blood
ніч – night
річ – thing
Abstract nouns:
-ість
ра́дістьjoy ніжність tenderness

Neuter gender:

(Середній рід)

EndingExample
-o    вікно́window
не́боsky
-e    Со́нцеSun
мо́реsea
Exceptions:
 ім’я́ – name
ща́стя – happiness
-ння
-ття 
завда́нняtask
життя́life
Small animals: -a я  кошеня́kitten
лоша́baby hourse
курча́ baby chicken

Note:

  • Some words can be masculine and feminine at the same time: коле́га
  • Nouns ending in the consonant can be either masculine or feminine: дім (masculine), ніч (feminine). You should memorize them.

Exercise:

Name the gender of each noun: дата, небо, будинок, крісло, місто, країна, тато, слово, словник, молоко, музика, сік, ваза, документ, радіо, лист.



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